America’s Test Kitchen
Rose Levy Beranbaum
Shirley O. Corriher
Elinor Klivans and Susie Cushner
Also interesting is How to Bake by Nick Malgieri.
Some excellent vegetarian cookbooks are The Occasional Vegetarian by Karen Lee, The New Vegetarian Epicure by Anna Thomas, and The Gradual Vegetarian by Lisa Tracey.
I like The Settlement House Cookbook by Charles Pierce, it covers American cooking and has lots of basic, but good, recipes as does The James Beard Cookbook and The Joy of Cooking Irma S.Rombauer, Marion Rombauer Becker, Ethan Becker by (1997) has been a good reference.